Rational comprehensive model

Based on the criteria of assessment and the analysis done in previous steps, choose the best solution generated. Under this decision making regime, some or all policy impacts can be assigned thresholds which are used to eliminate at least some of the policy alternatives.

Rational comprehensive model

This step takes place over a long period of time. He argues that simple heuristics—experience-based techniques for problem-solving—can lead to better decision outcomes than more thorough, theoretically optimal processes that consider vast amounts of information. A policy issue that the government has on the agenda is the energy crisis South Africa is facing Anon, Rational Planning Model The RCM Rational Comprehensive Model for planning owes its origins to Enlightenment epistemology Sandercock, ; Allmendinger,as it is centred on decisions and principles that are based on reason, logic and scientific facts with little or no emphasis on values and emotions.

This critical aspect is further explored in our article: Intuition and Decision Making.

What are the strengths of the rational comprehensive model

Once policy alternatives have been evaluated, the next step is to decide which policy alternative should be implemented. The rational-decision-making model does not consider factors that cannot be quantified, such as ethical concerns or the value of altruism. It is also unrealistic in the sense that it assumes that information about the people and their value preferences as well as data about past policies is readily available. The rational model also assumes: An individual has full and perfect information on which to base a choice. He argues that simple heuristics—experience-based techniques for problem-solving—can lead to better decision outcomes than more thorough, theoretically optimal processes that consider vast amounts of information. A General Rational Decision Making Model Rational decision making processes consist of a sequence of steps designed to rationally develop a desired solution. Identifying the decision criteria that will be important in solving the problem. In creating these policies, policy makers had calculated that the policies would eventually lead to the same level of urbanization that had been achieved in developed countries. At the other extreme, the numerous goals will require the policy impacts to be expressed using a variety of metrics that are not readily comparable. Monitor and evaluate outcomes and results[ edit ] This step contains the secondary and final monitoring of the outcomes and results of the site. There are many instances where the rational approach failed because certain outcomes had not been anticipated. Ian Thomas describes Simon's steps as follows: Intelligence gathering— data and potential problems and opportunities are identified, collected and analyzed.

Because decision-makers lack the ability and resources to arrive at optimal solutions, they often seek a satisfactory solution rather than the optimal one. Dodero explores development cases in Africa where this approach was used.

rational model pdf

Legality — the potential for the policy to be implemented under current legislation versus the need to pass new legislation that accommodates the policy. These policies support development like the first world countries.

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Rational Decision Making Model, Bringing Structure to Decision Making